The Republic of Kazakhstan is located in the heart of the Eurasian continent. Its territory occupies 2, 724, 900 square kilometers. It is the world’s ninth largest country. The country borders China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.
The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana. Having only become the country’s capital in 1997, Astana is a young but fast-growing modern city full of bright prospects, rich opportunities and exciting ideas. In 1999, in the Bolivian capital of La Paz, Astana received an honourable mention in UNESCO’s “Cities for Peace” awards.
The current population of Kazakhstan is 18,476,659. The indigenous population of Kazakhstan are Kazakhs, which draw up 63,1% of the general population of the country. Kazakhstan is home to different nationalities and faiths, all united by a common history. Currently around 130 nationalities populate Kazakhstan.Kazakhstan is also the most urbanized country in Central Asia. Urban population makes more than 60% of the total population. The most populous city of Kazakhstan is its “southern capital” – Almaty, where currently live about 1.840.000 million inhabitants.
The state language of Kazakhstan is Kazakh. However, the younger generations are becoming increasingly trilingual. Both Kazakh and Russian are used by the authorities and governing institutions of Kazakhstan.
The currency of Kazakhstan is tenge. US Dollars and Euros can be exchanged into tenges in any bank or exchange offices.
The territory of Kazakhstan stretches for more than 3000 km from west to east and almost 2000 km from north to south. Climatic peculiarities are due to the amplitude of the country. One can experience all four seasons on the territory of Kazakhstan with frosty winter, blossoming spring, heating summer and scarlet autumn. The climate of Kazakhstan (excluding south) is sharply continental with average temperature between -4 °C and -19 °C in January and between +19…+26°C in July. In winter temperature may decrease down to -45°C, and in summer rise up to +30.
Despite being the ninth largest country in the world, Kazakhstan remains, for many people, an unknown and enigmatic place. Even the most well-travelled visitor will find many fascinations in Kazakhstan: mountain peaks covered with snow, vast highlands, deep rivers, parched deserts, endless fields covered with flowers and virgin forest reserves.
About Almaty, Kazakhstan
Almaty, Kazakhstan’s largest metropolis, is set in the foothills of the Trans-Ili Alatau mountains. It served as the country’s capital until 1997 and remains Kazakhstan’s trading, cultural, scientific and tourist center of Kazakhstan. Landmarks include the highest mountainous sport complex in the world Medeo, The Shymbulak ski resort in a scenic gorge of the Zailiiski Alatau at 2,200 m above sea level, the Turgen Gorge, famous for 7 waterfalls.